Monthly Newsletter: The Great Recession is Just the Beginning by Oliver DeMille

Published: Sat, 01/01/11

"Empowering Ordinary Citizens to Make an Extraordinary Difference"
The Great Recession is Just the Beginning
A review of Aftershock: The Next Economy and America's Future by Robert B. Reich and Aftershock: Protect Yourself and Profit in the Next Financial Global Meltdown by David Wiedemer, Robert Wiedemer, and Cindy Spitzer.

IN THE AFTERMATH OF THE 2008-2009 economic meltdown, the experts are now arguing about what's ahead.
There are two major types of such commentary. The first could be called the "Everything Will Be Fine If You Just Elect Us" group, which includes leading Democrats and Republicans.
The second group might be called the "Coming Aftershocks" school of thought because it predicts that the Great Recession was just the beginning of a new economic reality.
The Aftershock crowd is more convincing, frankly, despite its somewhat pessimistic perspective. It is based on reason, trends and research, rather than constant appeals to the very experts and authorities who predicted that no meltdown would come.
Three leading proponents of this view are 1) Harry S. Dent, 2) Robert B. Reich, and 3) the trio of Wiedemer, Wiedemer, and Spitzer.
I have already reviewed Dent's work, so I will focus here on the latter two books. Their message is sobering and perhaps profound.
Major Aftershocks Ahead
According to many economists and analysts, big changes are coming in the decade just ahead. In 2006, Wiedemer, Wiedemer and Spitzer delivered a disturbing warning for the subsequent three years.
In The Bubble Economy they predicted that the subprime housing situation would cause the U.S. housing bubble to burst, consumer spending would significantly slow, and the U.S. economy would face a major shock.
Nearly all of the experts ignored them and Americans laughed off their warning as extreme. Today nobody is laughing.
And despite the oft-repeated disclaimer that nobody saw the collapse coming, The Bubble Economy clearly predicted it.
In retrospect, it is not unlikely that many "experts" did indeed see the writing on the wall, but it was not in their political interest to alert the general populace to the coming challenges.
Now, while economists like Paul Krugman and politicos such as Robert Reich are pushing for more government spending and increased government programs (which, again, seems like politically savvy advice--if not in the best interest of the long-term future of the country), the Wiedemers and Spitzer are back to work.
This time their predictions include several major challenges.
A warning here: These predictions will seem extreme to a citizenry that has come to believe that "it couldn't happen here; not to us." And yet, history urges us to consider that we are not impervious to major challenges.
Here are their predictions:
  • The government debt bubble will pop soon, and the resulting economic downturn will lead to double-digit unemployment, double-digit inflation, and double-digit interest rates. These will cause further major capital outflow from the U.S. and major business shrinkage and shutdowns (at least half of American businesses will close their doors in this economy), even more soaring unemployment, government austerity (it won't have much to spend), and the evaporation of consumer discretionary spending.
Americans will let their imagination run riot in fear of another Great Depression, but things won't get that bad. We will, however, experience a major era of "back to basics." Living standards will drop from high to moderate, but not to low.

  • The coming challenges will be different than the Great Depression is several ways: They will last longer (about 20 years), we will experience 40-50 percent unemployment (the Great Depression was 25 percent), and real estate and stocks will be down 90 percent from their peak values.
As bad as this sounds, however, the authors argue that high taxes on the working middle class (those who do have jobs) will support most of the nation with "universal and adequate welfare." Because of this, they predict, lifestyles will be very frugal but won't sink to survival-level living.
The age of excess will certainly be over, but life will be better than during the Great Depression. The problem is that "it will feel much worse" to many people because our expectations of a "normal" standard of living today are entirely different than those of the people in 1929.
  • The growth areas will be health care, education, and government services, all of which are run or closely regulated by the government.
Indeed, the era of big government will be over and the era of ubiquitous government will dominate; and the days when we can't imagine what the difference between these two might be will be far behind us.
  • The dollar will tank. In the name of avoiding more economic collapses, nations will adopt a global currency and money will become a single global unit--and it will be electronic. Though some nations will undoubtedly fight against a global currency, major economic challenges will cause most voters to support this shift because of a widespread belief that "it's the only alternative to collapse and depression." This is coming, these experts predict. It is not Armageddon, but it is a big change.
While Ron Paul calls for a return to the Gold or Silver Standard and a shutdown of the Federal Reserve, the trends are heading the opposite direction--toward a global "Fed" that regulates the international currency and likely carries more power than any nation or international organization to date.
Indeed, electronic world "currencies" like Visa and MasterCard are already widely accepted. The transition to a single international currency won't take much to implement.
Pessimism or Reality?
Is all this just pessimism? "The sky is falling" sells, right? Surely cooler heads must prevail in the long term.
And the Washington experts are predicting something much less dire. Also, these predictions were made before the new bi-partisan support of continued tax cuts and pro-business policy. Perhaps these developments will make a dent in such trends.
Yet these experts accurately predicted both the housing bubble and the resulting economic collapse of 2008-2009. Their conclusions may be pessimistic, but they have quite a track record.
Indeed, Harry S. Dent's predictions are quite similar, and he also forecasted the 2008 economic meltdown.
We can keep listening to the Washington experts who were all wrong in the past ten years, and who in fact told us that the stimulus would significantly fix things (and whose sincerity at some point must come into question).
Or we can give more credence to those whose predictions have actually occurred.
Former Secretary of Labor Robert B. Reich, in his own commentary also entitled Aftershock, shows that the reason for such a drastically changed economy is different than most of the experts have told us.
While many Americans, including leaders in Washington and the press, painted Wall Street as the primary perpetrator of the Great Recession, Reich says that this interpretation is shallow and ultimately inaccurate.
The problem, Reich argues,
"...lies in the increasing concentration of income and wealth at the top, and in a middle class that has had to go deeply in debt to maintain a decent standard of living....The last time in American history when wealth was so highly concentrated at the top--indeed, when the top 1 percent of the population was paid 23 percent of the nation's income--was in 1928, just before the Great Depression. Such a disparity leads to ever greater booms followed by ever deeper busts."
The real problem now is that
"...the middle class lacks enough purchasing power to buy what the economy can produce...Unless this trend is reversed, the Great Recession will only be repeated... Technically, the Great Recession has ended. But its aftershock has only begun."
In this environment, says Reich, even those who keep their jobs will see their wages go down, and unemployment will stay high. Most challenging of all, the U.S. government will not be able to fill the gap long term.
Reich points out that mortgage debt explosions between 2000 and 2008 are much like those from 1920-1929, and the stock and real estate speculation of the 2000s is similar to that of the 1920s.
He is concerned that although President Obama's response to the downturn kept the Great Recession from following the depressionary path of 1929, this very success has "reduced the urgency of dealing with the larger challenge..."
In short, according to Reich, the American middle class can no longer maintain its standard of living without debt, and until this is solved America's problems will only spiral downward.
Since about 1975, Reich argues, the middle class has experienced a growing gap between their income and the lifestyle that they have come to consider normal.
Since even coping mechanisms like sending both adults in the home into the workforce didn't entirely fill in the gap, they compensated with debt. Then their children did the same, and now their grandchildren are following suit.
But each new generation is comfortable with much higher levels of personal debt and simultaneously more convinced that they are entitled to their accustomed lifestyle.
The Insolvent Voter
For most of the post-war era, the U.S. was the world's largest creditor; today we are its biggest debtor.
Our middle class majority, deeply in personal debt, elects political leaders who increase our benefits. Then we vote them out because we dislike the soaring national debt.
Meanwhile individual voters continue to borrow. We borrow for school, for a home, for vacations, jewelry, food, entertainment and fun. We have credit cards for every occasion.
The American middle class emphatically blames Wall Street for excess and then signs up for that latest credit card with rewards.
All we demand of Washington is that the government keep our lifestyle from decreasing. The only way it knows to do this is to expand benefits and regulations, which increases the cost of doing business and sends jobs and capital abroad.
Proposals to increase government programs and further regulate employers in an attempt to increase middle-class incomes (like those suggested by Reich and predicted by the Wiedemers and Spitzer) only increase this problem--even more capital and jobs flee to other nations.
This is the core problem, and Washington can do little to fix it.
Until the American majority is willing to live within its means, it can hardly force its political leaders to do so.
A populace which chooses to buy whatever it desires while expecting its government to cover the shortfall, and to simultaneously operate without debt, will become accustomed to major recurring economic problems.
A Return to Leadership
One thing Washington can do is stop funneling money from the American middle class to pay for foreign wars and global military might.
Even this is challenging, however, in an environment where the one thing middle America thinks it has going for it is national pride and America's top-tier status in the world.
Unfortunately, crisis may be the only way for us to get back on track. Such a crisis would be a welcome correction if indeed it helped us humbly get back to basics like freedom, free enterprise, frugality, resiliency, initiative, openness and entrepreneurship.
A little freedom has encouraged great growth in the middle classes of China, India and the Muslim world. Ironically, the absolute level of freedom in America is much higher than in these places, but in relative terms we are experiencing decreases in freedom while they are enjoying increases.
While we bask in our national pride and traditional liberty, the trajectory is all wrong.
The growing Global Achievement Gap in our schools, as outlined by Tony Wagner, presents another ominous warning for Americans.
We can change things if we choose, Wagner says, by adopting the following values and skills: critical thinking, agility, adaptability, initiative, curiosity, imagination and entrepreneurialism, among others.
Secretary of Education Arne Duncan quoted Wagner in Foreign Affairs:
"...there is a happy 'convergence between the skills most needed in the global knowledge economy and those most needed to keep our economy safe and vibrant.'"
He also foreshadowed the decades ahead in quoting President Obama:
"The nation that out-educates us today is going to out-compete us tomorrow."
As Joseph S. Nye wrote in Foreign Affairs:
"A 2009 survey by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor ranked the United States ahead of other countries because it has a favorable business culture, the most mature venture capital industry, close relations between universities and industry, and an open immigration policy."
Unfortunately, many of these national advantages are currently under attack. And we aren't teaching the values (listed above) which will rekindle American entrepreneurialism and leadership.
We don't know exactly what's ahead, but frankly the Aftershock view rings more true than the rah-rah optimism of the political parties.
I'm convinced that we can take a different path if we choose.
We can demand a higher level of fiscal responsibility for ourselves and in our leaders, and we can stop spending through debt and live within our means.
The signs are clear that we will see a contraction in our standard of living in the coming years; whether it is by choice or by force is entirely up to each family, each individual.
A national return to entrepreneurship can drastically increase our societal income, boost employment rates and resurrect the popularity of self-reliance, frugality and quality.
It is time for such a change. Indeed, it is past due.
I don't know if we will make such a change as a nation, but those who do make this adjustment in their own lives will be the leaders of freedom into the future.



Oliver DeMille is the founder and former president of George Wythe University, a co-founder of the Center for Social Leadership, and a co-creator of TJEd Online.
Oliver is dedicated to promoting freedom through leadership education. He and his wife Rachel are raising their eight children in Cedar City, Utah.

Connect With Oliver:

facebook_icon-60x60-custom linkedin_icon-60x60-custom twitter_icon2-60x60-custom

Connect & Engage



Click the image below to download our free e-book:  

Recent Blog Articles
By Oliver DeMille
By Stephen Palmer
By Kyle Roberts
By Oliver DeMille
By Shanon Brooks
By Garrett Gunderson
By Orrin Woodward